Starting from a casual chat with friends about the collaboration of Yamaha and Toyota in the car world. This time we will discuss about the touch of Yamaha on Toyota car engines.
As we know, Yamaha was originally a company making musical instruments. The company was founded in 1887 and they made pianos and organs. In the aftermath of the Second World War, namely in 1955, the then President of Yamaha decided to make use of second-hand production machines in the time of the world war and their per’besian knowledge to open up new business fields, motorbikes.
Moving on from there, in short the name Yamaha has become increasingly popular in the automotive world. Especially after their motorcycle won the All Japan Autobike Endurance Road Race and also participated in the Catalina Grand Prix.
This success eventually made compatriot car manufacturer Toyota interested in inviting Yamaha to collaborate in making cars.
Until now the two companies have remained intimate relations. They are still collaborating in making car engines. Both also share company shares as an official binder. Yamaha has a share of Toyota and Toyota also has a share of Yamaha. The designers of these two companies also moved or ‘transferred’ several times either from Yamaha to Toyota, or from Toyota to Yamaha.
How can it be like that?
Yes because their cooperation has been established long ago and went very well. Apart from that, in my opinion one of the main factors binding them.
As we know, Honda is a nationwide automotive giant that does business both in motorcycles and in cars. Both businesses are successful, even very successful. That’s why Toyota and Yamaha are increasingly ‘bound’ to always be with haha.
Back to the main topic of this review. Here we will discuss the results of the collaboration of Yamaha and Toyota.
Let’s just start.
2M, 3M Engine and Toyota 2000GT
This historic car became the beginning of collaboration between Yamaha and Toyota. Actually this car was originally designed by Yamaha to be a continuation of the Nissan sports car series, Fairlady. However, the relationship between them foundered after Nissan felt the prototype 2.0 DOHC engine did not match what they expected. Yamaha then offered the design of the car to Toyota, which at the time was also one of Yamaha’s contract partners. Toyota was interested in the concept and decided to collaborate with Yamaha.
Its body design is very elegant and sporty in its time and high engine performance makes this car attract the attention of many people. Not to mention the luxurious interior design and features such as limited slip differential and power-assisted disc brakes . No wonder the Toyota 2000GT was later touted as the first Japanese supercar.
The engine of 2000GT is the development of Toyota Crown’s M engine with 6 inline configurations and 2.0L capacity. Yamaha then designed the DOHC system on the engine which increased its power to 150hp with a maximum speed of 217 km / hour. There are 9 models of 2000GT (MF12) which have SOHC machines, but the capacity is bigger, 2.3L.
The peak of the popularity of this car was when the famous legendary film , James Bond used the Toyota 2000GT precisely in the film Yo u Only Live Twice in 1967. With a great reputation and history, making this car is now very expensive and become a collectible car. The price at auction reached 1.2 million dollars or the equivalent of 16 billion rupiah.
2A, 4AGE, and 5AFHE
The next collaboration between Yamaha and Toyota is on the engine A engine. This engine family is a 4 inline engine with a capacity of 1.3L – 1.8L. The concept of this engine is a combination of gasoline efficiency and engine performance that is packaged with a modern design. Of all the types of engine A engine, there are 3 engines that were also developed by Yamaha, namely 2A, 4AGE, and 5AFHE.
Of the three engines, we will discuss a little bit about 4AGE because of the three, this is the most popular engine in the automotive world.
The 4AGE engine consists of 2 versions, 16 valves produced in 1983-1991 and 20 valves produced in 1991-1998. Each version has a generation of years marked from the color of the writing on the cam cover. There are blue top, red & black top, red top, silver top, and black top.
Yamaha developed the cylinder head design on this 4AGE engine. The result is a machine that is compact and has reliable performance. The power produced by this engine is 112-173 hp depending on variety and generation. Until now the 4AGE engine has a large fanbase and is one of the main choices for automotive enthusiasts to swap engines for Toyota cars, especially the Starlet and Corolla families.
3SGE and 3STGE
Of the five members of the S engine family, 3SGE and 3SGTE are the highest performing machines. Both Toyota engines were developed with Yamaha with an output power output of 160-256 hp. On the engine head there is a Yamaha logo stamp stamp.
3SGE is a 4 inline machine that is designed to weigh lightly at only 143 kg. Generation of the popular ones are the 4th generation and 5th generation to be introduced with an additional 4 Beams name which means B reakthrough E ngine with A dvanced M echanism S ystem. I also do not understand what the purpose of BEAMS is, but it seems to me that this is just a marketing slogan. What is clear in this 3SGE has been equipped with a variable intake that is VVT-i.
In the last generation of 3SGE, which is the 5th generation, this engine is equipped with a dual VVT-i system and is only found on JDM Toyota Altezza cars.
3SGTE is a turbocharger version of 3SGE. The car that is popular with this engine is the fastest Celica, the Celica GT-Four which is popular in rally racing. In addition, the speeding Toyota Toyota wagon, Caldina is also embedded with an engine that has an output power of 256 hp.
2ZZGE is a collaboration between Yamaha and Toyota with a capacity of 1.8L equipped with VVTL-i system. L which comes from the word “lift” means this engine will provide additional power at a certain RPM. Similar to Honda’s VTEC. The elevator will be active at 6200 RPM with a minimum engine temperature of 60 ° Celsius.
The power produced by this engine is 164-189hp, depending on the type of vehicle tuning. 2ZZGE is equipped with a supercharger on the Corolla Compressor, Lotus Elise SC, and Lotus Exige S. Horsepower produced with the addition of a supercharger that can reach 240hp. In Lotus Elise SC, the supercharger is not equipped with an intercooler with weight reduction considerations. Without an intercooler, the power produced by the 2ZZGE supercharger is 218hp. For non-superchargers, cars with 2ZZGE that are popular are the Toyota Celica GT-S and Corolla XRS.
The presence of the supercharger variant is a reference for 2ZZGE engined car owners to add the supercharger system to their engines. Indeed the supercharger kit is already widely available for sale by aftermarket racing manufacturers. Some of them even offer a turbocharger kit as an option to replace the supercharger.
In addition to the biggest power output compared to other ZZ engine families, the 2ZZGE is also a machine with a high RPM. This machine is designed to have power up to a high RPM rotation that is 8200-8500 RPM.
1LR-GUE and Lexus LFA
We now turn to the monster engine on Lexus cars which is the premium car division of Toyota. Imagine, this 4.8L capacity engine has a very large output power of 560hp. Yamaha not only designed the cylinder head, but the entire engine development was a result of the collaboration of Yamaha and Toyota.
Toyota and Yamaha chose the V10 engine model with consideration of the ability of a large RPM rotation and lighter weight than the V12. 1LR-GUE can be driven up to 9000RPM and will reach the fuel supply cutoff limit at RPM 9500. This engine is intended as a Lexus flagship car, the Lexus LFA.
In addition to the power and high RPM rotation, the advantage of this engine is its sound. Toyota and Yamaha engineers work together to create a machine that has a sound like a Formula One engine. The result is a symphony of the sound of a supercar engine that roars beautifully.
This machine is not as extensive as 1LR-GUE from LFA but it is still included in the heavyweight engine category. 2UR-GSE has a capacity of 5.0L which is capable of spraying power of 417-471hp, depending on the type of car.
Yamaha is trusted by Toyota to develop the high-flow type cylinder head on this 2UR-GSE engine. A series of Lexus premium cars use this engine starting from the Lexus IS-F, RC-F, GS-F, until the last is the LC-500.
The Lexus LC-500 which is a Lexus premium sports car that was produced in 2017 and will go on sale officially in 2018. In this car, the 2UR-GSE engine has a greater compression ratio of 12.3: 1 which is capable of producing horsepower of 471 hp.